Artmesia was the ruler of her city-state under Persian rule. In 480BCE Artmesia lead a fleet of ships on the Persian side at the battle of Salamis. At one point in the battle she rammed another Persian ship to convince the ship that was about to attack her ship that she was a Greek vessel. Prior to the battle, Artmesia was the only one of Xerxes's advisors not in favor of attacking the Greeks. She received high praise for her part in the battle.